What is CCSVI?
Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition discovered by Dr Paolo Zamboni from the University of Ferrera in Italy. It refers to a reduction of flow of blood from the brain to the heart due to the narrowing of various veins along the spinal chord from the head down to the upper chest.
It is believed that this condition is what causes build-ups of iron to form in the brain. Eventually, these would then cause the development of the lesions and MS symptoms.
How is it diagnosed?
Although perhaps not the only possible method for detecting the condition Dr Zamboni and his team used combined technique of high resolution echo-colour-Doppler (ECD) and transcranial colour coded Doppler sonography (TCCS). Combined they are referred to as an ECD-TCCS
Which according to his paper this test is non-invasive, repeatable and cost effective. Most importantly it is effective for investigating the outflow of blood from the brain.
Unfortunately, right now there isn’t a standard method of performing this test. Because of this information being highly specialized there are only a few locations that are capable of performing it.
An outline of what Dr Zamboni and his team performed is available in his research paper: Doppler haemodynamics of cerebral venous return. However, the full text off this paper is currently only viewable by the research and medical community.
How is it treated?
Precise details are not known (at least by the author), however currently the only treatment that has been developed for treating CCSVI is involves first identify the veins that are blocked using a procedure such as the ECD-TCCS stated previously.
After this an appropriately qualified surgeon would be required to operate on the affected veins. The technique employed by Dr Zamboni’s team was to insert what he called a balloon into the vein and expand it effectively stretching the vein. For most of his patients the expansion was permanent and once the blockage/restriction was removed their MS symptoms began to dissipate.
It is hoped by many in the MS community that this is the miracle they’ve been hoping for.
CCSVI - Multiple Sclerosis多發性硬化症手術
全 世界目前有CCSVI 靜脈擴張術的地點
feature on CCSVI BBC news
史 丹佛大學Dr. Michael Dake 對於CCSVI和MS的看法
重 生的MS患者再加1"Chris Alkenbrack"
靜 脈擴張手術改變了我的人生"Wendy Sturek神奇的旅程-
醫 生說: 病人沒有時間再等待了
更 多靜脈窄化和靜脈擴張術的新聞fromCBC news
To Poland with hope 懷著希望到波蘭
5. 體力變好，肌耐力變強，病人由拄兩枝拐杖變成一隻，原本foot drop，之後不會，之前蹲下後站不起來，之後可以自行蹲下站立
I've been tired of taking medicine.